What is term life insurance policy?

What is term life insurance policy?

Term insurance provides an assured amount to the nominee or beneficiary if the policyholder passes away during the policy term. The coverage is limited to a specific period, and if the policyholder survives the term, no benefits are received.

This type of insurance offers essential financial security to the family in the event of the breadwinner’s demise. It not only covers daily expenses but also helps in repaying loans and meeting other financial needs like children’s education and wedding expenses. The beneficiary can receive the assured amount, or sum assured, either as a lump sum or in installments.

Term Insurance Premium

A term insurance premium is the amount paid to an insurance company to secure coverage under a term insurance plan. It plays a crucial role in choosing the right insurance policy. Term insurance premiums are generally considered affordable, given the extensive coverage they offer.

Before purchasing a term insurance policy, it is advisable to compare the premiums of different plans. Online premium calculators can help estimate the premium amount, although the exact figure may vary.

Several factors influence the premium calculation for a term plan:

1. Age of the insured: Younger individuals typically pay lower premiums, while older individuals pay higher premiums.

2. Sum assured: Higher coverage amounts result in higher premiums, while lower coverage amounts lead to lower premiums.

3. Policy term: Longer policy durations attract higher premiums, whereas shorter terms result in lower premiums.

4. Smoking habit: Smokers generally pay higher premiums compared to non-smokers due to the higher associated health risks.

5. Gender: Premiums for males are usually higher compared to females.

6. Health condition: Pre-existing medical conditions can increase the perceived risks, leading to higher premiums.

Considering these factors, it is essential to carefully assess your insurance needs, age, and health condition while selecting a term insurance plan with an affordable premium that provides adequate coverage for your family’s financial security.

Factors to Consider before Applying

Before applying for a term insurance policy, consider the following factors:

1. Financial Evaluation: Assess your financial requirements, responsibilities, and savings goals. Determine the coverage amount you need to ensure your family’s financial security in case of your absence.

2. Comparison of Policies: Research and compare various insurance companies and their policies. Evaluate the coverage offered, policy features, and benefits to find a plan that aligns with your specific needs.

3. Premium Calculation: Utilize online premium calculators to estimate the premium for each plan. This will help you determine whether the premium is within your budget and if the plan is affordable or expensive.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Entry Age: The minimum entry age for a term insurance policy is 18 years, while the maximum entry age typically ranges from 65 to 70 years, depending on the insurer and the specific policy.

  • Maturity Age: The maturity age for term insurance policies generally extends up to 75 years, providing coverage for a longer duration.

  • Minimum Sum Assured: The minimum sum assured amount for a term insurance policy usually starts at Rs. 50,000. However, different insurance providers may have varying minimum sum assured limits.

By carefully evaluating these factors and understanding the eligibility criteria, you can make an informed decision while applying for a term insurance policy that best suits your financial goals and provides adequate protection for your loved ones.

Documents Required for Claim Process

To ensure a smooth claim process and avoid any claim rejections, it is essential to have the necessary documents in place when approaching the insurance company. The specific documents required may vary depending on the nature of the claim. Here are some common documents often needed for the claim process:

1. Duly Filled Claim Form: The claimant must submit a properly filled claim form providing all the necessary details related to the policy and the claim.

2. Policy Document: The original policy document or a copy of it is required to validate the authenticity of the policy and to verify the coverage details.

3. Death Certificate: In case of the policyholder’s demise, a death certificate is necessary as proof of death. It helps in processing the claim for the nominee or beneficiary.

4. Medical Certificate: If the claim is related to a medical condition, a medical certificate from a qualified medical practitioner may be needed to support the claim.

5. Postmortem Report (for Unnatural Death): In situations involving unnatural deaths, like accidents or homicides, a postmortem report may be required to ascertain the cause of death and validate the claim.

It is essential to be aware of the specific documents required for your claim type and ensure that all the documents are duly submitted to the insurance company to facilitate a smooth and successful claim settlement process.

Advantages of Term Insurance:

1. Cost-Effective Coverage: Term insurance is one of the most affordable insurance plans, offering substantial coverage at a reasonable premium cost. It ensures the financial security of the family in case of the untimely demise of the primary earner.

2. Tax Benefits: Policyholders can avail tax benefits under Sections 80C and 10(10D) of the Income Tax Act. The premiums paid are eligible for tax deduction, and the death benefit received by the nominee is tax-free. If the insured opts for an accidental rider, additional tax benefits are available under Section 80D.

3. Flexible Policy Term: Term insurance offers flexibility in choosing the policy term, ranging from 5 years to the entire life, based on individual requirements. Applicants seeking single premium payments can opt for shorter durations of 5 to 15 years.

4. Choice of Plan: Applicants can opt for either single or joint term insurance plans. Single life insurance covers the death of the insured, while joint insurance covers both insured individuals, and the claim can be made by the survivor in the event of the other’s demise.

5. Survival Benefit Option: Some term plans offer a survival benefit at the maturity of the policy. This return of premium plan refunds the premium amount to the policyholder if they survive the term, providing both life coverage and savings for the future.

6. Death Benefit: In the event of the insured’s death during the policy term, the nominee receives the claim amount either as a lump sum or in installments, as specified in the contract.

7. Rider Benefits: Term insurance plans offer riders or additional benefits that can be availed by paying an extra premium. These riders include critical illness, accidental death benefit, permanent and total disability, hospital cash, waiver of premium, and more.

8. Extra Benefits: Certain term insurance plans provide additional benefits to the nominee, such as coverage for funeral expenses and immediate annuity for the family.

Term insurance is an excellent choice for individuals seeking comprehensive coverage at an affordable cost, ensuring financial protection and peace of mind for their loved ones in times of uncertainty.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Term Insurance:

1. Is term insurance suitable for everyone?
Term insurance is an ideal choice for individuals seeking affordable and extensive coverage. It is particularly beneficial for those with financial dependents, such as family members, as it provides financial security in case of the policyholder’s demise.

2. What is the policy term for term insurance?
The policy term for term insurance can vary based on individual requirements and the insurance company’s offerings. It can range from as short as 5 years to the entire life of the insured.

3. Can I get tax benefits with term insurance?
Yes, term insurance offers tax benefits under Sections 80C and 10(10D) of the Income Tax Act. The premiums paid are eligible for tax deduction, and the death benefit received by the nominee is tax-free.

4. Can I enhance my term insurance coverage?
Yes, you can enhance your term insurance coverage by opting for additional riders or benefits. Riders like critical illness, accidental death benefit, and waiver of premium provide extra protection by paying an additional premium.

5. What happens if I survive the term of the policy?
If you survive the term of the policy, traditional term insurance plans do not provide any maturity or survival benefits. However, some term plans offer a return of premium option, where the premium amount is refunded at the end of the policy term.


Term insurance is a cost-effective and essential financial tool that provides substantial coverage and security to policyholders and their families. It offers tax benefits, flexible policy terms, and various rider options to customize the coverage as per individual needs. By opting for term insurance, individuals can ensure that their loved ones are financially protected in the event of an unfortunate demise. It is essential to compare policies, understand the terms and conditions, and choose a suitable term insurance plan that best aligns with one’s financial goals and responsibilities. With its numerous advantages and comprehensive coverage, term insurance remains a prudent choice for securing the future of one’s family.

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